laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3 μk levels

Quantum Sensing and Information Processing- laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3 μk levels ,Cold cesium atoms at ~ 1 μK(v ~ 1 cm/sec) Cooled, (initially F=3) cloud of ~ 10. 8. alkali atoms. Unperturbed launch trajectory: v. 0 ~ 2- 3 m/sec. t. 1 = 45 ms. T~ 250 ms. z. 02-z. 01 ~ .5 m Raman laser wavevector k. eff ~ 10. 7. m-1. Semiclassical treatment: MachZehnder-steps are in ‘sudden’ approximation. O(T. 2) phase shift is solely ... Demagnetization cooling of a gas | Nature PhysicsThe continuous cooling sequence starts with 10 6 atoms at a temperature of 19 μK and with B y =250 mG. The OPB is red-detuned by 40 Γ ( Γ =2π×5 MHz) away from resonance and the total ...



Laser Cooling of Cesium Atoms below 3 - ENS

C. SALOMON et al.: LASER COOLING OF CESIUM ATOMS BELOW 3 pK 685 the pairs of molasses beams to prevent optical pumping into the F = 3 ground state. The residual magnetic field in the molasses region is = 1 PT. The molasses laser beams are apertured to 8.2 mm diameter, with the intensity uniform over this diameter to better than 15%.

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A facility for production and laser cooling of cesium ...

In this paper, we report on the facility for laser cooling of cesium isotopes and isomers built at the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyväskylä (Finland). From the production site of the ions of interest to the trap of cold atoms, the energy scale spans from 104 eV (10 6 eV in the case of the primary proton beam) to 10 −8 eV in ...

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Atomic absorption with ultracold atoms - ScienceDirect

In the case of caesium, atom temperatures of approximately 2 μK, i.e. a factor of 50 below the Doppler cooling limit and within a factor of 10 of the recoil limit, T R =0.2 μK, can be achieved in this way . Such an atom temperature corresponds to an rms atom velocity of just 2 cm s −1. 3.3. Laser trapping of neutral atoms

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Laser Cooling and Trapping of Atom - SlideServe

1607 Views Download Presentation. Laser Cooling and Trapping of Atom. Ying-Cheng Chen, 陳應誠 Institute of Atomic and Molecular Science, Academic Sinica, 中研院原分所. Outline. Basic idea & concept Overview of laser cooling and cold atom study The light force Doppler cooling for a two-level atom Sub-Doppler Cooling. Uploaded on Sep 14 ...

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Observation of Atoms Laser Cooled below the Doppler Limit

cooling of atoms in traps, cooling and storage of an-timatter, study of condensed phases such as Coulomb crystals and Bose condensates, and study of low-energy atom-surface interactions. For a review of laser cooling and its applications, see Phillips et al. In most such ap-plications, the colder the atoms, the better. Shortly after the idea ...

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Caesium Atom - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

In more recent experiments using a cesium atomic beam, temperatures as low as 2.5 μK have been reported. aa Enthusiastic workers in the field predict that the temperature may be decreased by as much as another factor of 10 6 before the final minimum temperature is realized, and perhaps temperatures lower than 2.5 μK have been claimed by now. bb

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Laser-Cooled Atoms: Rubidium | ScienceBlogs

Laser cooling wavelength: 780 nm Doppler cooling limit: 140 μK. Element: Rubidium (Rb) Atomic Number: 37 Mass: two "stable" isotopes, 85 and 87 amu (rubidium-87 is technically radioactive, but it ...

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[PDF] Three-dimensional laser cooling at the Doppler limit ...

Many predictions of Doppler cooling theory of two-level atoms have never been verified in a three-dimensional geometry, including the celebrated minimum achievable temperature $\\hbar \\Gamma/2 k_B$, where $\\Gamma$ is the transition linewidth. Here, we show that, despite their degenerate level structure, we can use Helium-4 atoms to achieve a situation in which these predictions can be ...

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Standards of Time and Frequency at the Outset of ... - Science

The basic operation of the Cs fountain proceeds in a sequence of steps. First, a sample of ∼10 8 cesium atoms is laser-cooled at the intersection of six laser beams to below 1 μK. These atoms are next “launched” upward at ∼4 m/s by frequency detuning of the laser beams.

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Improving Raman velocimetry of laser-cooled cesium atoms by ...

Abstract We study the performances of Raman velocimetry applied to laser-cooled, spin-polarized, cesium atoms. Atoms are optically pumped into the F = 4, m 4 = 0 ground-state Zeeman sublevel, which is insensitive to magnetic perturbations. High resolution Raman stimulated spectroscopy is shown to produce Fourier-limited lines, allowing, in realistic experimental conditions, atomic velocity ...

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Laser cooling of cesium atoms in gray optical molasses down ...

We have studied the behavior of cesium atoms cooled in six-beam ‘‘gray’’ optical molasses. Cooling occurs for a laser detuned to the blue side of the 6S1/2,F53!6P3/2,F852 transition, and a Sisyphus-type effect accumulates the atoms in states not coupled to the light. We measure a minimum temperature of 1.160.1 mK at low atomic density.

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Adiabatic Cooling of Cesium to 700 nK in an Optical Lattice

The MOT initially captures Cs atoms from a chirp-cooled atomic beam, producing a dense (1010 cm–3 [11]) sample of cold atoms in a volume ł300 mm in diameter. The MOT magnetic field is then switched off, leaving an op-tical molasses which cools the Cs atoms to ł3 mK. The molasses laser beams are extinguished, leaving the atoms

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Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms

and in 1968, Letokhov proposed using it to trap atoms— even before the idea of laser cooling! The trap proposed by Ashkin in 1978 relied on this ‘‘dipole’’ or ‘‘gradient’’ force as well. Nevertheless, in 1978, laser cooling, the reduction of random velocities, was understood to in-volve only the scattering force.

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Laser Cooling of Cesium Atoms Below 3 μK - IOPscience

For a wide range of laser intensity and detuning from resonance, the temperature depends only on the intensity-to-detuning ratio. The lowest temperature achieved is (2.5 ± 0.6) μK, which corresponds to an r.m.s. velocity of 12.5 mm/s or 3.6 times the single-photon recoil velocity.

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Quantum Sensing and Information Processing

Cold cesium atoms at ~ 1 μK(v ~ 1 cm/sec) Cooled, (initially F=3) cloud of ~ 10. 8. alkali atoms. Unperturbed launch trajectory: v. 0 ~ 2- 3 m/sec. t. 1 = 45 ms. T~ 250 ms. z. 02-z. 01 ~ .5 m Raman laser wavevector k. eff ~ 10. 7. m-1. Semiclassical treatment: MachZehnder-steps are in ‘sudden’ approximation. O(T. 2) phase shift is solely ...

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Laser Cooling | Request PDF

Forced evaporative cooling and compression were performed simultaneously to produce a sample with a density of 8×1013cm-3 at a temperature of 100 μK, a factor of 3.5 above the critical ...

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Phys. Rev. A 102, 053327 (2020) - Laser cooling of transition ...

The a 3 F J fine-structure ground levels and a 5 F 5 metastable laser-cooling level are the relevant even-parity states. The z 5 D 4 ∘ level is one of several intermediate states that could be used to optically pump atoms into the a 5 F 5 state, with the 546-nm transition indicated as well as the dominant decay path.

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Improving Raman velocimetry of laser-cooled cesium atoms by ...

Abstract We study the performances of Raman velocimetry applied to laser-cooled, spin-polarized, cesium atoms. Atoms are optically pumped into the F = 4, m 4 = 0 ground-state Zeeman sublevel, which is insensitive to magnetic perturbations. High resolution Raman stimulated spectroscopy is shown to produce Fourier-limited lines, allowing, in realistic experimental conditions, atomic velocity ...

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Laser cooling - Wikipedia

Laser cooling. Simplified principle of Doppler laser cooling: 1. A stationary atom sees the laser neither red- nor blue-shifted and does not absorb the photon. 2. An atom moving away from the laser sees it red-shifted and does not absorb the photon. 3.1. An atom moving towards the laser sees it blue-shifted and absorbs the photon, slowing the atom.

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Bose-Einstein Condensation of Cesium - Science

The CO 2 laser trap is loaded by adiabatical release of Cs atoms from an optical lattice. After Raman sideband cooling in the lattice according to we start with a sample of 2 × 10 7 atoms with predominant polarization in the state F = 3, m F = 3, a temperature of ∼1 μK, and a phase-space density of a few 10 −3.

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Molecules cooled below the Doppler limit | Nature Physics

Figure 4a shows the molecules cooling in the molasses towards a base value of ∼ 100 μK, which is half the Doppler limit. The 1/ e time constant is 361 ± 2 μs, implying a damping constant of ...

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Atomic absorption with ultracold atoms - ScienceDirect

In the case of caesium, atom temperatures of approximately 2 μK, i.e. a factor of 50 below the Doppler cooling limit and within a factor of 10 of the recoil limit, T R =0.2 μK, can be achieved in this way . Such an atom temperature corresponds to an rms atom velocity of just 2 cm s −1. 3.3. Laser trapping of neutral atoms

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A compact laser system for the cold atom gravimeter

During the atomic cooling process, the frequency of the cooling laser needs to be locked to 2 Γ ~ 6 Γ below the resonance transition 5 S 1 / 2 2 F = 2 → 5 P 3 / 2 2 F ' = 3. In order to obtain the atoms of lower temperature we should have a polarization gradient cooling (PGC) process at the end of the cooling stage, which needs a large ...

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Laser Cooling of Atoms - NIST

ensemble of atoms is a cooling of the gas of ions. The very next year, Wineland and Itano [2] published a paper providing the first detailed theoretical analysis of laser cooling, which served as the foundation for the rapid development of this field. In ensuing years, they improved their methods and soon cooled ions to millikelvin temperatures.

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